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Vitamins - Minerals

(See Supplements below text)

 

Nutrient Deficiency Side-effects

Vitamin A: Chronic deficiency can lead to susceptibility of cancer, acne, night blindness, or other ocular problems. Plays an important role in maintaining the integrity of all epithelial tissue and is associated with a reduced risk of various epithelial cell cancers. Long term deficiency causes skin to become dry, scaly, and rough.

Vitamin B1 (Thiamine): Deficiencies manifest primarily as disorders of the neuromuscular, gastrointestinal (decrease in stomach acid), and cardiovascular systems. Symptoms include depression, irritability, memory loss, mental confusion, indigestion, muscular weakness, heart palpitations, and defective muscle coordination. It’s required by every cell in the body to make ATP. It’s necessary for the maintenance of nerve tissues, nerve function and transmission and required for the synthesis of acetylcholine, the neurotransmitter involved in thought and memory processes.

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin): Deficiencies primarily affect the skin and mucus membranes. Symptoms include Cheilosis (cracks in the corners of the mouth), and inflamed mucous membranes. Redding, tearing, burning, and itching of the eyes, eyes that tire easily, and eyes are very sensitive to light. Seborrheic dermatitis can occur.

Vitamin B3 (Niacin): Can lead to impaired metabolism of starches, fats, and proteins. Niacin containing coenzymes NAD and NADP are involved in more than 200 different reactions in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fatty acids, and amino acids making it critical in supplying energy to every cell of the body. Niacin is especially important in the oxidation-reduction reactions in the Krebs cycle involving the production of energy from carbohydrates.

Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid): Symptoms of deficiency are similar to other vitamin B deficiencies. There is impaired energy production, due to low CoA levels, which could cause symptoms of irritability, fatigue, and apathy. Acetylcholine synthesis is also impaired therefore neurological symptoms can also appear. They include numbness, paresthesia, and muscle cramps. Deficiency can also cause hypoglycemia, or an increased sensitivity to insulin.

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine): Irritability, nervousness and insomnia as well as general weakness, skin changes such as dermatitis and acne as well asthma and allergies.

Vitamin B7 (Biotin): Deficiency symptoms are characterized progressive hair loss, loss of hair color, scaly dermatitis, and seborrhea. Biotin-dependent enzymes are involved in the metabolism of sugar, fat, and amino acids. Specifically, biotin is involved in the utilization of glucose, and the breakdown and utilization of fatty acids.

Vitamin B9 (Folic Acid): Folic acid is critical in the development of a fetus. Birth defects, miscarriage and neural tube defects. Some cancers have been associated with abnormally low levels of folic acid. As folic acid is such an important part in your central nervous system health, if you are deficient you may experience symptoms such as fatigue, depression or forgetfulness.

High homocysteine levels as folic acid works to lower homocysteine. People with high homocysteine have been shown to have an increased risk of heart attacks and strokes.

Vitamin B12: Deficiencies manifest primarily as anemia and neurological changes. Vitamin B12 deficiency inhibits DNA synthesis, which can affect growth and repair of all cells. Low levels can cause fatigue, peripheral neuropathy, tongue and mouth irregularities, macrocytic anemia (abnormally enlarged red blood cells), depression, confusion and memory loss (especially in the elderly), dermatitis, skin sensitivity, and loss of appetite.

Vitamin C: Plays a major role in the synthesis of collagen and elastin, the major structural components of skin, tendons, bone matrix, tooth dentin, blood vessels and connective tissue. Collectively collagen is the most abundant protein in the body, comprising 25-30% of total body protein. Is also one of the bodies most powerful and most important antioxidants. Being water soluble it provides protection in all body fluids, within every cell in the body, and is highly concentrated in the brain. Called the "stress vitamin" because is required for the synthesis of the body’s main stress response hormones in the adrenal glands, including adrenalin and cortisol.

Calcium: Symptoms of deficiency include osteopenia, osteomalacia, osteoporosis, periodontal disease, muscle spasms, and decreases cell wall permeability.

Carnitine: Symptoms of deficiencies include elevated blood lipids, abnormal liver function, muscle weakness, reduced energy, and impaired glucose control. It regulates fat metabolism (especially in the heart) by facilitating the transport of fat across cell membranes into the mitochondria for energy production.

Chromium: The symptoms of long-term chromium deficiency are severely impaired glucose tolerance, loss of weight, and confusion.

Coenzyme Q10 (Ubiquinone): Deficiencies can cause congestive heart failure, increased blood pressure, cardiomyophy, muscle cramps, and periodontal disease.

CoQ10 plays a critical role in the production of energy within the mitochondria. It is a coenzyme for numerous enzymes that are involved in the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which is a high energy fuel in every living cell. It is also an important antioxidant. Because it is fat-soluble, it is able to reside in the mitochondrial cell membrane where it provides protection against free radical damage to DNA.

Copper: Important in the formation of bone, collagen, elastin and hemoglobin. Deficiency causes fatigue (due to anemia), loss of color in skin and hair (due to decreased synthesis of melanin), nervous system disorders, and reduced resistance to infection. Copper is a component of many important enzymes like copper-zinc. Copper deficiency can decrease production of superoxide dismutase which is one of the body’s most important antioxidant enzymes, and dopamine beta-hydroxlase which synthesizes norepinephrine.

Vitamin D: Can lead to osteoporosis, osteopenia, osteomalacia, and in children retarded growth, muscle weakness, late development of teeth, and rickets. Promotes absorption of calcium and phosphorus in the intestines for growth of bones and teeth. Cholecalciferol (D3), the active form of Vitamin D may be helpful in the prevention and treatments of some cancers and is considered to have hormone like activity. Evidence that vitamin D is a key element in immune system health and function.

Glutathione: Low levels can cause decreased capacity for hepatic detoxification, decreased immunity, and suppression of macrophage activity. A lack of glutathione may lead to increased free radical damage throughout the body, especially in the membranes of red blood cells and mitochondria. Glutathione participates in the hepatic detoxification of many compounds via glutathione S-Tranferase. This enzyme participates in the detoxification of compounds from cigarette smoke, ethanol, and acetaminophen. It is part of the antioxidant enzyme system glutathione peroxidase, which is one of the body’s most important antioxidants. It is also the most abundant antioxidant in the brain and lungs.

Inositol: An inositol deficiency could be a contributing cause of abnormal platelet aggregation, heart disease (along with B-vitamin deficiencies), liver disease, memory loss, panic/anxiety attacks, and tardive dyskinesia. Other symptoms such as eczema, hair loss, constipation, and abnormalities of the eyes and raised cholesterol may be observed. Is an essential component of phospholipids in cellular membranes.

Iron: Symptoms of deficiency include anemia, weakness, fatigue, spooning of the nails, brittle nails, and greater susceptibility to infection. Plays an important role in the cytochrome P450 liver detoxification enzymes, and is necessary for the synthesis of the amino acid carnitine which plays an essential role in the metabolism of fatty acids.

Vitamin K: Deficiency may lead to impaired blood clotting. Necessary for the synthesis of osteocalcin, a unique protein that attracts calcium to the bones. Symptoms of vitamin K deficiency include easy bruisability, epistaxis, gastrointestinal bleeding, menorrhagia and hematuria.

Magnesium: Deficiency symptoms include muscle cramps, weakness, insomnia, loss of appetite, kidney stones, osteoporosis, nervousness, restlessness, irritability, fatigue and high blood pressure. It is a cofactor in over 300 enzymatic reactions in the body.

It is necessary for the transmission of nerve impulses, muscular activity, temperature regulation, detoxification reactions, and formation of healthy bones.

Melatonin: A deficiency could cause insomnia. Melatonin is involved in the synchronization of hormone secretions. The natural biorhythm of hormone secretion is referred to as the "circadian rhythm". Melatonin plays a key role as the biological time keeper of hormone secretions. It also control periods of sleepiness and wakefulness.

Phosphorus: Low levels can affect mineral balance and result in adverse reactions with kidney function. Decreased bone/tooth formation. It is important in the formation of phospholipids.

Potassium: Low levels can lead to heart irregularities, elevated blood pressure, muscle spasms, and fluid alterations in the body. The primary cation in intracellular fluids, controls the conduction of nerve impulses, maintains normal cardiac rhythm, muscle contraction, and acid/alkaline balance.

Probiotics (Lactobacillus and Bifidobacertium): Intestinal microflora are a complex microbial ecosystem that plays a critical role in overall health. Lactobacillus primarily colonize the small intestine, and the anaerobic bifidobacteria are predominately in the large intestine. In a healthy intestinal environment, these bacteria attach themselves to the surface of the intestinal tract where they multiply rapidly and become an important part of our immune system.

Sodium: Symptoms of deficiency include muscle weakness, poor concentration, dehydration, and loss of appetite. Has a major role in the regulation of blood pressure, and plays a critical role in the transmission of electrochemical impulses for nerve function and muscle contraction. Regulates the acid/alkaline balance in the blood and lymph fluids, and maintains cellular permeability.

Zinc: Deficiency leads to slow wound healing, lowered immune function, and impaired sense of taste and smell. It is necessary for prostate health, DNA/RNA synthesis, and promotes conversion of T4 to T3.

 

Mineral Needs - Symptoms associated with lack of minerals in the body

  • History of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • History of lower abdominal pain
  • History of fractures
  • Bone loss (reduced density on bone scan)
  • Are you shorter than you use to be?
  • Calf, foot or toe cramps at rest
  • Cold sores, fever blisters or herpes lesions
  • Frequent fevers
  • Frequent skin rashes and /or hives
  • Have you ever had a herniated disc?
  • Excessively flexible joints, "double jointed"
  • Joints pop or click
  • Pain or swelling in joints
  • History of bone spurs
  • Morning stiffness
  • Vomiting or nausea
  • Bursitis or tendonitis
  • Crave chocolate
  • Feet have a strong odor
  • Tendency to anemia
  • Whites of eyes (sclera) blue tinted
  • Hoarseness
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Lump in throat
  • Dry mouth, eyes and/or nose
  • Gag easily
  • White spots on fingernails
  • Cuts heal slowly and/or scar easily
  • Decreased sense of taste or smell


  • 5-MTHF 1mg (5-Methyltetrahydrofolate), 60s - Product Image

    5-MTHF 1mg (5-Methyltetrahydrofolate), 60s

    5-MTHF (5-METHYLTETRAHYDROFOLATE) by Thorne Research

    5-MTHF is the most biologically active form of the B-vitamin folic acid. 5MTHF works in concert with vitamin B12 (methylcobalamin) in the conversion of homocysteine to methionine, which provides methyl groups for numerous other biochemical reactions in the body. Because of this, folate supplementation supports cardiovascular health, nervous system function, normal cellular proliferation, and gingival health. Folate supplementation during pregnancy has been shown to reduce the risk of neural tube defects.

    Research has shown a subset of individuals do not efficiently convert folic acid from the diet or supplements to active 5-MTHF, due to genetic enzyme deficiencies. Research suggests 5-MTHF is a more efficient form of supplementation than inactive folic acid in these and other individuals.

    Dosage:1 - 3 capsules qd

    Folate (as 5-methyl-tetrahydrofolate)1000 mcg

    Product Information

    Folic acid must be converted to its active forms to be used by the body.* This is a multi-step biochemical process that occurs in the intestines and liver. In the presence of intestinal or liver dysfunction this conversion may not occur sufficiently enough to meet the body's needs. Furthermore, up to one-third of the U.S. population may have a genetic enzyme defect that makes it difficult for them to convert folic acid (even folinic acid) into active 5-MTHF. For these individuals and many others, 5-MTHF supplementation may be a more effective method of folate repletion.*

    Because deficiencies of folic acid have been linked to low-birth-weight infants and neural tube defects, folic acid requirements double during pregnancy.* The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends folic acid supplementation for all women of childbearing age because the biggest need is during the first trimester, when a woman may not even be aware she is pregnant.* Supplementation with the more active form may be preferable.*

    In concert with vitamin B12, 5-MTHF functions as a methyl-group donor involved in the conversion of the amino acid homocysteine to methionine.* Methyl-group donation is vital to many biochemical conversion processes, including the synthesis of serotonin, melatonin, and DNA.*

    It is important for women of childbearing age to get enough folic acid - not just those who are planning to become pregnant.* Only 50 percent of pregnancies are planned, so any woman who could become pregnant should get enough folic acid every day - especially before conception and during early pregnancy.*

    A woman who is pregnant or nursing, or who might become pregnant, should consult a health-care practitioner before using this product.

    Price:   $19.95 
    Quantity:  



    B Complex - 180 tablets - Product Image

    B Complex - 180 tablets

    B Complex - 180 tablets by Innate Response Formulas

    B Complex is specially crafted to provide a balanced spectrum of all the essential B vitamins and their inherent co-factors as found in food. Promoting energy and the health of the nervous system, B vitamins are an integral component to a whole food diet.s This skillful nutrient mix also provides folate, the biologically active form of this nutrient that inherently exists in whole food, as well as nutrient-rich organic spinach for its synergistic co-nutrients and chlorophyll. Further enhancing this formula is an immune blend, and plant-sourced enzymes. Derived from 100% whole food, B Complex provides a balanced ratio of B vitamins in their most bioavailable food form.


    Product Code: 40012


    Price:   $61.95 
    Quantity:  



    B Complex - 90 tablets - Product Image

    B Complex - 90 tablets

    B Complex - 180 tablets by Innate Response Formulas

    B Complex is specially crafted to provide a balanced spectrum of all the essential B vitamins and their inherent co-factors as found in food. Promoting energy and the health of the nervous system, B vitamins are an integral component to a whole food diet.s This skillful nutrient mix also provides folate, the biologically active form of this nutrient that inherently exists in whole food, as well as nutrient-rich organic spinach for its synergistic co-nutrients and chlorophyll. Further enhancing this formula is an immune blend, and plant-sourced enzymes. Derived from 100% whole food, B Complex provides a balanced ratio of B vitamins in their most bioavailable food form.


    Product Code: 40011


    Price:   $34.95 
    Quantity:  



    ASCORBIC ACID, Caps - Product Image

    ASCORBIC ACID, Caps

    ASCORBIC ACID (1 gram) by Thorne Research, Ascorbic acid capsules and powder manufactured by Thorne Research contain only pure, crystalline vitamin C, without added corn starch, magnesium stearate, or other diluents or lubricants typically used by other companies. This product is hypoallergenic.

    Dosage:1 to 3 capsules bid

    Each Capsule Contains DV%
    Vitamin C (as Ascorbic Acid)
    1000 mg
    1667%
    Daily Value (DV)
    C149/ 250

    A woman who is pregnant or nursing, or who might become pregnant, should consult a health-care practitioner before using this product.

    Price:   $37.40 
    Quantity:  



    B-COMPLEX # 6, 60 caps - Product Image

    B-COMPLEX # 6, 60 caps

    B- COMPLEX # 6 by Thorne Research B-complex #6 features the active form of B6 (pyridoxal 5'-phosphate) and 250 mg of pyridoxine HCI in a complete B-complex formula.

    Dosage:1 to 3 capsules qd

    Each Capsule Contains DV%
    Thiamine (from 50 mg Thiamine HCl)
    40 mg
    2667%
    Riboflavin (from 25 mg Riboflavin and 5 mg Riboflavin 5' Phosphate)
    28.6 mg
    1682%
    Niacin (from Niacinamide)
    80 mg
    400%
    Vitamin B6 (from 250 mg Pyridoxine HCl and 10 mg Pyridoxal 5'- Phosphate)
    206.8 mg
    10340%
    Folate (100 mcg as Calcium Folinate and 100 mcg as 5-methyl-tetrahydrofolate)
    200 mcg
    50%
    Vitamin B12 (50 mcg as Adenosylcobalamin and 50 mcg as Methylcobalamin)
    100 mcg
    1667%
    Biotin
    80 mcg
    27%
    Pantothenic Acid (from 50 mg Calcium Pantothenate)
    45 mg
    450%
    Choline Citrate
    40 mg
    *
    *Daily Value (DV) not established
    B106/ 60

    A woman who is pregnant or nursing, or who might become pregnant, should consult a health-care practitioner before using this product.

    Price:   $18.05 
    Quantity:  



    C Complete Powder - Product Image
    Click for larger image

    C Complete Powder

    C Complete Powder 81 G by Innate Response Formulas

    C Complete Powder
    vitamin C w/phenolic rich food blend

    C Complete Powder is a full spectrum formula exclusively developed by Innate that incorporates FoodState vitamin C and a plethora of vitamin C rich whole food concentrates. The necessity for whole food in this formula is due to the fact that vitamin C does not work alone but rather as a synergistic network that inherently contains an array of supportive phytochemical compounds, enzymes and other cofactors. This combination of nutrients delivers potent immune support as well as a myriad of beneficial bioflavonoids known to have nutritive activity in the body. This formula is naturally buffered and therefore gentle on the stomach and less acidic than vitamin C alone. C Complete Powder is a premier biologically active formula to promote overall wellness and support a healthy immune response.

    Vital for Life
    Most animals can synthesize their own vitamin C from glucose, but humans are an exception to this ability. Therefore, daily dietary intake of this necessary nutrient becomes ever more important for maintaining general health. C complete powder delivers more than the essential support needed by the human body with its therapeutic blend of rich organic whole food sources of bioflavonoids and vitamin C. Many studies show how potent antioxidants, such as vitamin C and bioflavonoids, have increasingly diverse uses in health promotion and lifestyle enhancement.
     

    Product Code: 44016


    Price:   $28.95 
    Quantity:  



    Calcium-Magnesium Citramate, 240 Vegetarian Capsules - Product Image

    Calcium-Magnesium Citramate, 240 Vegetarian Capsules

    Calcium Magnesium Citramate by Thorne Research

    calcium and magnesium as the superior citrate-malate chelates

  • A 1:1 ratio of calcium and magnesium
  • highly absorbable form of these minerals
  • made without flowing agents that can inhibit bioavailability
  • improved absorption in individuals with low stomach acid
  • Product Information

    Calcium and magnesium are the essentials: anthropological evidence indicates humans were high consumers of calcium until the onset of the Agricultural Age 10,000 years ago. Current calcium intake is one-quarter to one-third of our evolutionary diet, indicating we may not be consuming enough dietary calcium. Recent analysis of large numbers of previously conducted studies on calcium and bone mass demonstrate that supplementation of 500 to 1,500 mg of a well-absorbed form of calcium daily promotes bone mass in adolescents, young adults, older men, and postmenopausal women.*

    Magnesium is present in all cells of the body and is involved in over 300 enzymatic processes, including energy production.* Magnesium is essential for maintaining normal bone density, normal cardiac rhythmicity, normal pulmonary function, and normal blood glucose regulation.* Other body functions requiring magnesium include nerve conduction, methyl-group transfer, conversion of pyridoxine to pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (the active form of vitamin B6), production of energy, and muscle contraction.* Magnesium supplementation appears to be a significant support to maintaining already normal bone density.*

    The appropriate intake ratio of calcium to magnesium is undecided, with some authors in the scientific literature supporting a 2:1 ratio (twice as much calcium than magnesium) and others recommending a 1:1 ratio. Thorne Research offers several formulas with varying ratios of calcium to magnesium to meet individual needs.

    Cal-Mag Citramate provides a 1:1 ratio of calcium and magnesium as the well-absorbed citrate-malate chelate.* Magnesium and calcium appear to work in tandem in the body, with both necessary for many functions, including maintaining normal blood pressure, muscle contraction, and menses.* In addition to calcium, magnesium is essential for helping maintain normal bone density.* Magnesium depletion impairs mineral homeostasis by reducing the activation of vitamin D.*

    Ingredients

    One Capsule Contains:

    Calcium (as Calcium Citrate-Malate) 80 mg.

    Magnesium (as Magnesium Citrate-Malate) 80 mg.

    Other Ingredients: Hypromellose (derived from cellulose) capsule. May contain one or more of the following hypoallergenic ingredients to fill space – Leucine, Silicon Dioxide.

    Suggested Use: One capsule three times daily, or as otherwise directed by a health-care practitioner.


    Price:   $29.80 
    Quantity:  



     

    BASIC B COMPLEX

    Basic B Complex by Thorne Research contains the entire B complex, including the activated forms of vitamins B2 (riboflavin 5'-phosphate) and B6 (pyridoxal 5'-phosphate), and also includes 80 mg choline citrate.

    Dosage:1 to 3 capsules qd

    Each Capsule Contains DV%
    Thiamine (from 50 mg Thamine HCl)
    40 mg
    2667%
    Riboflavin (from 15 mg Riboflavin 5'-Phosphate)
    11 mg
    647%
    Niacin (from 10 mg Niacin and 130 mg Niacinamide)
    140 mg
    700%
    Vitamin B6 (from 15 mg Pyridoxal 5'-Phosphate)
    10 mg
    500%
    Folate (200 mcg as Calcium Folinate and 200 mcg as 5-methyl-tetrahydrofolate)
    400 mcg
    100%
    Vitamin B12 (200 mcg as Adenosylcobalamin and 200 mcg as Methylcobalamin)
    400 mcg
    6667%
    Biotin
    400 mcg
    133%
    Pantothenic Acid (from 110 mg Calcium Pantothenate)
    100 mg
    1000%
    Choline Citrate
    80 mg
    *
    *Daily Value (DV) not established
    B104/ 60

    A woman who is pregnant or nursing, or who might become pregnant, should consult a health-care practitioner before using this product.
    Size: 60

    Price:   $19.90 
    Quantity:  



    BASIC NUTRIENTS III (Citrate w/o Copper and Iron) - Product Image

    BASIC NUTRIENTS III (Citrate w/o Copper and Iron)

    BASIC NUTRIENTS III (Citrate w/o Copper and Iron) by Thorne Research. Basic Nutrients III and IV provide calcium, magnesium, and potassium as citrate chelates for enhanced absorption, combined with a full complex of essential vitamins and trace minerals. Basic Nutrients III contains no copper or iron.

    Dosage:1 to 2 capsules tid

    Six Capsules Contain   DV%
         
    Vitamin A (as 2,500 IU Palmitate and 12,500 IU Mixed Carotenes)
    15,000 IU
    300%
    Vitamin C (as Ascorbic Acid)
    850 mg
    1417%
    Vitamin D (as Vitamin D3)
    1,000 IU
    250%
    Vitamin E (as d-Alpha-Tocopheryl)
    400 IU
    133%
    Thiamine (from 50 mg Thiamine HCl)
    40 mg
    2667%
    Riboflavin (from 15 m. Riboflavin 5'-Phosphate)
    11 mg
    647%
    Niacin (from 30 mg Niacin and from 130 mg Niacinamide)
    160 mg
    800%
    Vitamin B6 (from 15 mg Pyridoxal 5'-Phosphate)
    10 mg
    500%
    Folate (500 mcg as Calcium Folinate and 500 mcg as 5-methy-tetrahydrofolate)
    1000 mg
    250%
    Vitamin B12 (from 225 mcg Adenosylcobalamin and 225 mcg Methylcobalamin)
    450 mcg
    7500%
    Biotin
    400 mcg
    133%
    Pantothenic Acid (from 450 mg Calcium Pantothenate)
    413 mg
    4130%
    Calcium (as Calcium Citrate)
    300 mg
    30%
    Iodine (as Potassium Iodide)
    225 mcg
    150%
    Magnesium (as Magnesium Citrate)
    285 mg
    71%
    Zinc (as Zinc Picolinate)
    15 mg
    100%
    Selenium (as Selenium Picolinate)
    200 mcg
    286%
    Manganese (as Manganese Picolinate)
    6 mg
    300%
    Chromium (as UltraChrome)
    200 mcg
    167%
    Molybdenum (as Molybdenum Picolinate)
    100 mcg
    133%
    Potassium (as Potassium Citrate)
    90 mg
    2.5%
    Boron (as Boron Picolinate)
    3 mg
    *
    Choline Citrate
    100 mg
    *
    Vanadium (as Vanadium Picolinate)
    100 mcg
    *
    Daily Value (DV) not established
       
    VM6/ 180

    A woman who is pregnant or nursing, or who might become pregnant, should consult a health-care practitioner before using this product.
    Size: 180

    Price:   $41.25 
    Quantity:  



    BASIC NUTRIENTS IV (Citrate w/ Copper and Iron) - Product Image

    BASIC NUTRIENTS IV (Citrate w/ Copper and Iron)

    BASIC NUTRIENTS IV (Citrate w/ Copper and Iron) by Thorne Research. Basic Nutrients III and IV provide calcium, magnesium, and potassium as citrate chelates for enhanced absorption, combined with a full complex of essential vitamins and trace minerals. Basic nutrients IV provides iron and copper as picolinates, while Basic Nutrients III contains no copper or iron.

    Dosage:1 to 2 capsules tid

    Six Capsules Contain
    DV%
    Vitamin A (as 2,500 I.U Palmitate and 12,500 I.U. Mixed Carotenes)
    15,000 IU
    300%
    Vitamin C (as Ascorbic Acid)
    850 mg
    1417%
    Vitamin D (as Vitamin D3)
    1,000 IU
    250%
    Vitamin E (as d-Alpha-Tocopheryl)
    400 IU
    1333%
    Thiamine (from 50 mg. Thiamine HCI)
    40 mg
    2667%
    Riboflavin (from 15 mg. Riboflavin 5'-Phosphate)
    11 mg
    647%
    Niacin (from 30 mg. Niacin and from 130 mg. Niacinamide)
    160 mg
    800%
    Vitamin B6 (from 15 mg. Pyridoxal 5'-Phosphate)
    10 mg
    500%
    Folate (500 mcg as Calcium Folinate and 500 mcg as methyl-tetrahydrofolate)
    100 mcg
    250%
    Vitamin B12 (from 225 mcg. Adenosylcobalamin and 225 mcg. Methylcobalamin)
    450 mcg
    7500%
    Biotin
    400 mcg
    133%
    Pantothenic Acid (from 450 mg. Calcium Pantothenate)
    413 mg
    4130%
    Calcium (as Calcium Citrate)
    300 mg
    30%
    Iron (as Iron Picolinate) 15 mg
    83%
    Iodine (as Potassium Iodide)
    225 mcg
    150%
    Magnesium (as Magnesium Citrate)
    285 mg
    71%
    Zinc (as Zinc Picolinate)
    15 mg
    100%
    Selenium (as Selenium Picolinate)
    200 mcg
    286%
    Copper (as Copper Picolinate)
    1.5 mg
    75%
    Manganese (as Manganese Picolinate)
    6 mg
    300%
    Chromium (as UltraChrome)
    200 mcg
    167%
    Molybdenum (as Molybdenum Picolinate)
    100 mcg
    133%
    Potassium (as Potassium Citrate)
    90 mg
    2.5%
    Boron (as Boron Picolinate)
    3 mg
    *
    Choline Citrate
    100 mg
    *
    Vanadium (as Vanadium Picolinate)
    100 mcg
    *
    * Daily value (DV) not established
    VM7/ Size: 180

    A woman who is pregnant or nursing, or who might become pregnant, should consult a health-care practitioner before using this product.

    Price:   $42.10 
    Quantity:  



    BASIC NUTRIENTS V (w/ Copper, w/o Iron & Iodine) - Product Image

    BASIC NUTRIENTS V (w/ Copper, w/o Iron & Iodine)

    BASIC NUTRIENTS V (w/ Copper, w/o Iron & Iodine) by Thorne Research. Advanced Formula Basic Nutrients V utilizes calcium, magnesium, and potassium as citrate-malates, the most soluble, absorbable forms of these minerals. This comprehensive formula contains 100 mcg vitamin K1, but does not contain iron or iodine.

    Dosage:1 to 2 capsules tid

    Six Capsules Contain   DV%
         
    Vitamin A (as 2,500 IU Palmitate and 12,500 IU Mixed Carotenes)
    15,000 IU
    300%
    Vitamin C (as Ascorbic Acid)
    850 mg
    1417%
    Vitamin D (as Vitamin D3)
    1,000 IU
    250%
    Vitamin E (as d-Alpha-Tocopheryl)
    400 IU
    1333%
    Vitamin K (as Vitamin K1)
    100 mcg
    125%
    Thiamine (from 50 mg Thiamine HCl)
    40 mg
    2667%
    Riboflavin (from 15 mg Riboflavin 5 Phosphate)
    11 mg
    647%
    Niacin (from 30 mg Niacin and from 130 mg Niacinamide)
    160 mg
    800%
    Vitamin B6 (from 15 mg Pyridoxal 5 Phosphate)
    10 mg
    500%
    Folate (500 mcg as calcium Folinate and 500 mcg as 5 methyl-tetrahydrofolate)
    1000 mcg
    250%
    Vitamin B12 (from 225 mcg Adenosylcobalamin and 225 mcg Methylcobalamin)
    450 mcg
    7500%
    Biotin
    400 mcg
    133%
    Pantothenic Acid (from 450 mg Calcium Pantothenate)
    413 mg
    4130%
    Calcium (as Calcium Citrate-Malate)
    300 mg
    30%
    Magnesium (as Magnesium Citrate-Malate)
    285 mg
    71%
    Zinc (as Zinc Picolinate)
    15 mg
    100%
    Selenium (as Selenium Picolinate)
    200 mcg
    286%
    Copper (as Copper Picolinate)
    1.5 mg
    75%
    Manganese (as Manganese Picolinate)
    6 mg
    300%
    Chromium (as UltraChrome)
    200 mcg
    167%
    Molybdenum (as Molybdenum Picolinate)
    100 mcg
    133%
    Potassium (as Potassium Citrate-Malate)
    90 mg
    2.5%
    Boron (as Boron Picolinate)
    3 mg
    *
    Choline Citrate
    100 mg
    *
    Vanadium (as Vanadium Picolinate)
    100 mcg
    *
    *Daily Value (DV) not established
       
    VM5/ Size: 180

    A woman who is pregnant or nursing, or who might become pregnant, should consult a health-care practitioner before using this product.

    Price:   $44.85 
    Quantity:  



    Vitamin C-400 - 180 tablets - Product Image

    Vitamin C-400 - 180 tablets

    Vitamin C-400 - 180 tablets by Innate Response Formulas

    Vitamin C-400 contains a high potency of 100% whole food vitamin C from True Active(TM) FoodState® . Whole food vitamin C does not exist as ascorbic acid alone, but rather co-exists within a synergistic network that inherently contains an array of immune supportive compounds, enzymes and other co-factors, and delivers a myriad of beneficial bioflavonoid food compounds known to have nutritive activity in the body. Naturally buffered, whole food vitamin C is therefore gentle on the stomach with less than one-tenth the acidity of common ascorbic acid. This superior source of 100% whole food vitamin C also provides an organic whole food blend, an immune blend, and plant-based enzymes to enhance bioavailability. Vitamin C-400 is the premier biologically active formula to promote overall wellness.

    Product Code: 40017

    Price:   $66.95 
    Quantity:  



    D-5,000 - Product Image

    D-5,000

    D-5,000

    for individuals desiring higher amounts of vitamin D supplementation

    • Thorne's Vitamin D is pure vitamin D - without hidden ingredients like lactose, BHT, BHA, sodium benzoate, and sorbic acid
    • capsules in two convenient amounts (D1000 and D5000)
    • made without flowing agents that can inhibit bioavailability
    • supports cardiovascular, immune, and bone health*

    Product Information

    It is essential to maintain healthy vitamin D levels throughout all stages of life, from fetal development to old age.* Vitamin D helps protect a number of important functions in the body.* The current recommended daily vitamin D intake of 400 IUs is based on the minimum allowance to protect against bone disease. However, an upward revision of the FDA's guideline is now under consideration in light of new research, especially pertaining to immune function. Cutting-edge research suggests serum vitamin D levels should be in the range of 32-80 ng/mL 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D). Although direct sunlight exposure is a good source of vitamin D, many people do not get enough sun due to season change, latitude, or lifestyle. Therefore, vitamin D supplementation can be of great benefit in these cases.*

    Vitamin D deficiency is quite common, particularly among the elderly.* For example, a study conducted at a hospital in Glasgow, Scotland, found an almost universal vitamin D deficiency among a group of 548 elderly patients. Individuals deficient in vitamin D may need 5,000-10,000 IU of vitamin D daily to replenish tissue stores.* With these individuals specifically in mind, Thorne's D-5,000 supplies 5,000 IU of pure vitamin D3 in each vegetarian capsule.

    Some vitamins, because of their potency, are usually given in very small amounts. Examples of such "micro-dose" vitamins include vitamin D, vitamin K, and vitamin B12. Most dietary supplement manufacturers purchase "micro-dose" vitamins from raw material suppliers as premixed dilutions, meaning the vitamins (in powder form) are mixed with other powdered substances that in turn make it easier for the manufacturer to handle and mix a larger quantity of raw material. Unfortunately, the powdered substances used in these premixed dilutions frequently contain potentially detrimental ingredients such as lactose and also the preservatives BHT, BHA, sodium benzoate, and sorbic acid.

    At Thorne Research, our promise is to give you the purest supplements humanly possible. Therefore, we do not purchase premixed dilutions of any "micro-dose" vitamins. Instead, we purchase pure, undiluted vitamins and create our own dilutions when it is necessary to do so, using pure, hypoallergenic powders, such as magnesium citrate or plant cellulose. The resultant premixture is then added to the dietary supplement being made, ensuring the proper amount of each pure nutrient is contained in each capsule.

    Price:   $13.95 
    Sizes  
    Quantity:  



    Vitamin D-3 2,000 IU - 60 tablets - Product Image

    Vitamin D-3 2,000 IU - 60 tablets

    Vitamin D-3 2,000 IU - 60 tablets by Innate Response Formulas

    Vitamin D-3 by Innate provides this critical component of optimal health. True Active(TM) FoodState® vitamin D-3 is an effective, bioavailable whole food form of vitamin D, complete with the amino acids and sterols which act to catalyze mineral utilization.* Vitamin D-3 plays a vital role in bone health and immune health, calcium utilization, cardiovascular and lung health. With vitamin D deficiencies at an all-time high, supplementation of this nutrient is of paramount importance. This comprehensive formulation also includes an organic whole foods blend, an immune blend and plant-sourced enzymes. Vitamin D-3 by Innate is an extraordinary 100% whole food solution to support overall wellbeing.*

    *This statement has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

    Product Code: 40130

    Price:   $27.95 
    Quantity:  



    Phos-Drops - Product Image

    Phos-Drops

    Phos-Drops by Nutri-West

    Phos-Drops

    Phosphorus is critical to healthy cell growth in many tissues of the body. Ortho phosphoric acid provides acidic support for an alkaline environment.

    Ortho Phosphoric Acid-Inositol-Choline Each Drop Supplies: Ortho Phosphoric Acid (75%)13mg, Inositol 570mcg, Choline Bitartrate 270mcg.

    1384

    Yes

    Liquid

    N/A

    60cc

    10 drops 3 times daily in water. Use much smaller doses in children.

    Do not apply undiluted. Caution in pregnancy.


    Price:   $13.20 
    Nutri-West Required Shipping  
    Quantity:  



    Zinc-Chelate - Product Image

    Zinc-Chelate

    Zinc-Chelate by Nutri-West

    Supportive Function: A chelated form of zinc allows for rapid absorption and assimilation of this important element that is crucial to numerous reactions. Enhanced with comprehensive glandular support.

    Ingredients: Chelated Zinc with Raw Tissue Concentrates Each Tablet Supplies: Zinc (as chelate) 16mg, Raw Tissue Concentrates (not extracts) of bovine source from Spleen 20mg, Liver 10mg, Stomach 5mg, Heart 5mg, Duodenum 5mg, Kidney 3mg, Thymus 2mg, Adrenal 1mg, Whole Pituitary 1mg, Pancreas 1mg, Parotid 1mg, Brain 1mg.

    Vegetarian: No

    Quantity: 90 Tablets

    Suggested Dosage: 1 tablet 3 times daily Contraindications: High doses of zinc can interfere with immune function (this formula has only 16 mg zinc chelate). Shils and Young report the level of zinc that interferes with copper absorption (associated with copper deficiency and anemia) is a long-term, chronic ingestion of 150 mg/day (Shils M and Young V. eds. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease. 1988 7th ed. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, Pa.). Michael Murray advises against a daily intake greater than 150 mg for more than a week, but stresses that zinc supplementation can effectively enhance the immune system.


    Price:   $12.80 
    Nutri-West  
    Quantity:  



    Stress B-Complex (formerly B-Complex #5) - Product Image

    Stress B-Complex (formerly B-Complex #5)

    A vitamin B complex with extra B5 for adrenal support and stress management*

    • unlike many B vitamin products, Stress B-Complex contains the active forms for enhanced bioavailability*
    • Stress B-Complex contains an optimal balance of essential B vitamins with extra vitamin B5 as calcium pantothenate
    • Stress B-Complex is yeast free

    Product Information

    Healthy adrenal glands play an important role in managing stress effectively. Pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) is part of the B-vitamin complex and is essential for healthy adrenal and immune function.* In particular, pantothenic acid serves as the starting material for the synthesis of coenzyme A, which is important for metabolism of fats and synthesis of adrenal hormones.* Pantothenic acid plays a key role in the formation of acetylcholine, which is needed in the transmission of nerve impulses.* Thorne Research's Stress B-Complex supplies 250 mg of pantothenic acid and the bioactive forms of the other B vitamins in each capsule to ensure you get the most bioavailable B-complex available.*

    Stress B-Complex consists of a group of eight water-soluble compounds: thiamin (vitamin B1), riboflavin (vitamin B2), niacinamide (vitamin B3), pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), pyridoxine and pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (vitamin B6), methylcobalamin (vitamin B12), folate (5-methyltetrahydrofolate), and biotin. Although each B vitamin is chemically distinct, they regularly work together in various biochemical functions throughout the body - including cellular energy production, healthy red-blood-cell formation, and healthy neurological function.* Most B vitamins, with the exception of vitamin B12, are not stored in the body; consequently, they must be acquired daily from the diet in order to maintain optimal health.*

    Supplementing with active B vitamins is extremely important to everyone, especially individuals who might not be able to convert non-active vitamins to the active forms in the liver because of compromised liver function, poorly functioning enzymes, digestive disturbances, or age.* Dietary supplements containing these active cofactors have enhanced bioavailability, ensuring the body gets the nutrients it needs.*

    Ingredients

    One Capsule Contains:
    Thiamin (as Thiamin HCl) 50 mg
    Riboflavin (25 mg as Riboflavin and 3.6 mg as Riboflavin 5'-Phosphate Sodium) 28.6 mg
    Niacin (as Niacinamide) 80 mg
    Vitamin B6 (25 mg as Pyridoxine HCl and 3.4 mg as Pyridoxal 5'-Phosphate)
    28.4 mg
    Folate (as L-5-Methyltetrahydrofolate* from L-5-Methyltetrahydrofolic Acid, Glucosamine Salt) 200 mcg
    Vitamin B12 (as Methylcobalamin) 100 mcg
    Biotin 80 mcg
    Pantothenic Acid (as Calcium Pantothenate) 250 mg
    Choline Citrate 40 mg
    Other Ingredients: Hypromellose (derived from cellulose) capsule, Magnesium Laurate, Magnesium Citrate, Silicon Dioxide.

    *This product uses Gnosis S.p.A.'s L-5-Methyltetrahydrofolic Acid, Glucosamine Salt.

    Suggested Use: Take 1 capsule one to three times daily or as recommended by your health-care practitioner.

    Price:   $14.00 
    Quantity:  





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